Title

Collection - Mattoon family Papers (00019)

Gershom Woodruff Mattoon was born near Rochester, New York on September 12, 1842. His family moved to Vernon Township, Shiawassee County, Michigan in 1846, then to Greenbush Township, Clinton County in 1858. He enlisted with the First Michigan Lancers from November 23, 1861 until they were disbanded on March 22, 1862. He enlisted again on September 1, 1862, this time with the Sixth Michigan Cavalry. He served with this regiment until mustered out at the end of the war on November 24, 1865. During his tour of duty he was wounded in action, and promoted to sergeant. After the war, Mattoon returned to Michigan, where he married Nancy Agnes Amy Lindley (1843- ) on September 27, 1868. He lived in Michigan until his death on February 7, 1911. Gershom's brother, George P. Mattoon (1832-1909), served with the Twenty-seventh Michigan Infantry during the war.
The most informative portion of this collection is the correspondence relating to the Civil War. Letters from Gershom Woodruff Mattoon and his brother George Pearson describe their enlistments and the movements of their regiments. A letter from Gershom dated December 4, 1864 tells of the burning of Loudon County, Virginia by Union forces in retaliation for raids by General Mosby. His mother's letter of April 27, 1865 tells of the death of Abraham Lincoln. A letter from Cambric, New York dated April 24, 1864 describes how a neighbor of the family enlisted and then deserted after receiving his bonus; and a letter from another soldier dated July 12, 1864 tells of the horrors of the Wilderness Campaign during that summer. 
Gershom Mattoon remained interested in veteran's affairs and corresponded with old army comrades long after the war (1890-1910). Some of these letters shed additional light on the war. Letters from Samuel Smith (1900) describe conditions in Confederate prisons. A letter dated October 16, 1905 tells of Sheridan's famous ride from Winchester, and a letter of December 19, 1908 describes the battle of Cedar Creek in Virginia. A final letter of interest in the collection is dated March 13, 1881 and relates the opinions of an old army comrade in Virginia on race relations, politics, Lincoln, and Jefferson Davis. 
Additional information concerning the Civil War is recorded in a bound book of family and regimental records. Rough notes, speeches and writings by Gershom Mattoon, as well as newspaper clippings he collected to preserve the history of the war round out the collection. 
Michigan State University Archives & Historical Collections

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Mattoon Letter: January 7, 1860–February 14, 1862
Mattoon Letter: January 7, 1860–February 14, 1862

January 7, 1860
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Mattoon Letter: May 15, 1860
Mattoon Letter: May 15, 1860

May 15, 1860
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Mattoon Letter: July 7, 1861
Mattoon Letter: July 7, 1861

July 7, 1861
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Mattoon Letter: August 12, 1861
Mattoon Letter: August 12, 1861

August 12, 1861
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Mattoon Letter: December 4, 1861
Mattoon Letter: December 4, 1861

December 4, 1861
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Mattoon Letter: December 25, 1861
Mattoon Letter: December 25, 1861

December 25, 1861
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Mattoon Letter: January 4, 1862
Mattoon Letter: January 4, 1862

January 4, 1862
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Mattoon Letter: January 10(?), 1862
Mattoon Letter: January 10(?), 1862

January 10, 1862
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Mattoon Letter: February 13, 1862
Mattoon Letter: February 13, 1862

February 13, 1862
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Mattoon Letter: February 16, 1862
Mattoon Letter: February 16, 1862

February 16, 1862
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Mattoon Letter: February 28, 1862
Mattoon Letter: February 28, 1862

February 28, 1862
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: March 30, 1862
Mattoon Letter: March 30, 1862

March 30, 1862
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: August 21, 1862
Mattoon Letter: August 21, 1862

August 21, 1862
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Mattoon Letter: August 24, 1862
Mattoon Letter: August 24, 1862

August 24, 1862
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Mattoon Letter: September 21, 1862
Mattoon Letter: September 21, 1862

September 21, 1862
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Mattoon Letter: November 21, 1862
Mattoon Letter: November 21, 1862

November 21, 1862
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Mattoon Letter: November 26, 1862
Mattoon Letter: November 26, 1862

November 26, 1862
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Mattoon Letter: November 26, 1862
Mattoon Letter: November 26, 1862

November 26, 1862
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Mattoon Letter: December 29, 1862
Mattoon Letter: December 29, 1862

December 29, 1862
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Mattoon Letter: January 11, 1863
Mattoon Letter: January 11, 1863

January 11, 1863
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Mattoon Letter:  January 15, 1863
Mattoon Letter:  January 15, 1863

January 15, 1863
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Mattoon Letter: January 22, 1863
Mattoon Letter: January 22, 1863

January 22, 1863
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: January 29, 1863
Mattoon Letter: January 29, 1863

January 29, 1863
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: February [2?], 1863
Mattoon Letter: February [2?], 1863

February 2, 1863
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: March 3, 1863
Mattoon Letter: March 3, 1863

March 3, 1863
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: March 6, 1863
Mattoon Letter: March 6, 1863

March 6, 1863
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: March 23, 1863
Mattoon Letter: March 23, 1863

March 23, 1863
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Mattoon Letter: April 8, 1863
Mattoon Letter: April 8, 1863

April 8, 1863
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: July 8, 1863
Mattoon Letter: July 8, 1863

July 8, 1863
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: July 16, 1863
Mattoon Letter: July 16, 1863

July 16, 1863
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: August 4, 1863
Mattoon Letter: August 4, 1863

August 4, 1863
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: August 26, 1863
Mattoon Letter: August 26, 1863

August 26, 1863
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: September 3, 1863
Mattoon Letter: September 3, 1863

September 3, 1863
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Mattoon Letter: February 1, 1864
Mattoon Letter: February 1, 1864

February 1, 1864
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: March 5, 1864
Mattoon Letter: March 5, 1864

March 5, 1864
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: April 24, 1864
Mattoon Letter: April 24, 1864

April 24, 1864
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: June 3, 1864
Mattoon Letter: June 3, 1864

June 3, 1864
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: June 5, 1864
Mattoon Letter: June 5, 1864

June 5, 1864
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: July 12, 1864
Mattoon Letter: July 12, 1864

July 12, 1864
Image: jpg
MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: December 4, 1864
Mattoon Letter: December 4, 1864

December 4, 1864
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: December 16, 1864
Mattoon Letter: December 16, 1864

December 16, 1864
Image: jpg
MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: December 30, 1864
Mattoon Letter: December 30, 1864

December 30, 1864
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: January 1, 1865
Mattoon Letter: January 1, 1865

January 1, 1865
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: January 5, 1865
Mattoon Letter: January 5, 1865

January 5, 1865
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: January 7, 1865
Mattoon Letter: January 7, 1865

January 7, 1865
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Mattoon Letter: January 19, 1865
Mattoon Letter: January 19, 1865

January 19, 1865
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: January 29, 1865
Mattoon Letter: January 29, 1865

January 29, 1865
Image: jpg
MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: March 11, 1865
Mattoon Letter: March 11, 1865

March 11, 1865
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: March 19, 1865
Mattoon Letter: March 19, 1865

March 19, 1865
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: March 22, 1865
Mattoon Letter: March 22, 1865

March 22, 1865
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: March 29, 1865
Mattoon Letter: March 29, 1865

March 29, 1865
Image: jpg
MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: April 7, 1865
Mattoon Letter: April 7, 1865

April 7, 1865
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: April 18, 1865
Mattoon Letter: April 18, 1865

April 18, 1865
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Mattoon Letter: April 24, 1865
Mattoon Letter: April 24, 1865

April 24, 1865
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: April 27, 1865
Mattoon Letter: April 27, 1865

April 27, 1865
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: May 12, 1865 (to Gershom)
Mattoon Letter: May 12, 1865 (to Gershom)

May 12, 1865
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: May 12, 1865 (to George)
Mattoon Letter: May 12, 1865 (to George)

May 12, 1865
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MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: May 26, 1865
Mattoon Letter: May 26, 1865

May 26, 1865
Image: jpg
MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: July 29, 1865
Mattoon Letter: July 29, 1865

July 29, 1865
Image: jpg
MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mattoon Letter: July 29, 1865
Mattoon Letter: July 29, 1865

July 29, 1865
Image: jpg
MSU Archives and Historical Collections