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Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862

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Creator: Mark Flower
Subjects: Civil War, 1861-1865
Date: September 24, 1862
Format: Image/jpg
Original Format: Document
Resource Identifier: A003144
Collection Number: c00005 – Emma Miller Papers
Language: English
Rights Management: Educational use only, no other permissions given. Copyright to this resource is held by Michigan State University and is provided here for educational purposes only. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without written permission of the University Archives & Historical Collections, Michigan State University.
Contributing Institution: Michigan State University Archives & Historical Collections
Relation: c00005 – Emma Miller Papers
Contributor: MSU Archives and Historical Collections
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862, Page: 1

Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862

Camp near Jacinto
Head Quarters
Gen Rosecranse
Sept. 24th 1862.
My Own much Loved Emma.
Your two
last letters bearing date respectivly of
the 15th &. 19th have just been received
Both came at the same time.
How little you knew when writing
to me on the 19th Inst. that your own
Mark was then marching to attack _ or
fighting with the Rebels under Gen
Price. Such was the fact dear
Emma On the after noon of the
19th Inst. we had a tremendious
Battle with the Enemy.
I will give you
a brief description of the battle.
If I remember rightly _ my last letter
was dated from Iuka _ where we
were then Encamped. We were
then in small force _ only a few
thousand men all told. We received
New’s that Sterling Price was advancing
with Thirty Thousand men _ and
with this overwhelming force we
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862, Page: 2

Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862

could do nothing but withdraw which
was done accordingly we fell
back upon Corinth. Price in the mean-
while occupied Iuka. But not long
was he to remain there in peace
for Rosecranse as rapidly as
possible was concentrating his scattered
Forces and on the morning of
the 18th we were marching upon
Iuka with several divisions Gen.
Rosecranse with several Brigades was
to advance from Jacinto. &.
attack Price from the west. Gen
U.S. Grant with a large force was
to attack him from a north west
direction soon after the Battle opened.
During the 18th day of Sept I was
Orderly for Maj Gen. Rosecranse &. rode
by his side during the whole day
We passed much Infantry Cavalry
and Artillery and as the General
rode by them he was greeted by many
cheers, That night we Encamped
near the advance of the Column.
The next morning at three oclock
the Infantry &. Artillery were on
the march We all Expected ere
the sun had sank to rest that
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862, Page: 3

Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862

night to hear the Booming
of Canon. &. we were not disapointed
We advanced! and at three
oclock P.M. the Rebel Pickets were drove
in they Contested every inch of
the ground for some distance
and finally gave way in disorder
This occured six miles from
Iuka. We now Expected no resistance
until we came up with their main
force _ which we expected to find
behind their Brest works which surr-
ounded the Town. But we were
mistaken. When two miles from
the Town we came to a fork in
the road One branch [bearing?]
Consideraly to the left. the other
to the right. Both however Entering
Iuka at different points. The 5th
Iowa Regiment was in advance
Our company Just in their Rear
Generuls Rosecranse Sulivan Hamilton
&. Stanley were riding behind our
Company. As. the advance Came
up to the fork in the Road _ The 5th
Iowa were ordered to advance down
the right hand road, and our
company to make a recanoisance
down the left as far as our
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862, Page: 4

Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862

daring Capt. should deem
prudent. I was now an orderly
for Gen Hamilton. &. had just
returned from the Rear of his
division with despatches for him
Seeing our Company starting
off I rode up to Gen Hamilton and
asked permission to follow the Comp-
-any at first he refused But finally
said go with them _ but after the
Reconoitre. Report to me. I shall want
you soon. I tuched my Hat (For
I respect him). and puting spurs to
my Horse was soon in the Ranks.
It was a dangerous position.
Comon sense taught us the Enemy
were near. for we had drove their
Pickets in four miles back. On Either
side thick _ and almost imppenetrable
underbrush lined the road. Here
an army of thousands could
lay Concealed and many of
us did not doubt the enemy
were in there in force. This was
after wards proved true. for Rebel
Prisoners say we advance ¼ of a mile
inside their lines _ and the only reason
we were not all annihilated was because
for One Company they did not
feel disposed to expose their position
we passed on until we came to
an open field where the Enemy as
far as the eye could reach could be
seen _ bristling canon [pouned?] upon
us in Every direction. We concluded
the time had arrived for us to get back
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862, Page: 5

Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862

Page 5th [1862, Sept. 24]

out of range of those canon as
we had nothing to support us against
Artillery. Scarsely had we joined
our own lines before Crash _ crash
Crash _ and volly after volly of
musketry was heard down the right
hand road _ The 5th Iowa had
been brought into a Rebel Ambuscade
and their Ranks teribly thined by
the galling fire of the Concealed
Rebels. Reinforcements were sent as
rapidly as follows possible The 4 Minnesota
Constables Ohio Battery. the 10th Iowa
and many other Regiments were
soon formed in line of Battle* Ex
tending in the shape of a “v.” across
both roads _ At this time the
Battle was tremendious. We had thrown
some Eighty thousand men forward
into line &. had others in supporting
distance which were hastened for-
ward as rapidly as needed. The
Rebels had some 15 thousand men
engaged which was more than
they could use to good effect
without making flank movements
which they attempted to do but were
*See map which I will enclose
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862, Page: 6

Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862

repulsed each time. I was ordered
by General Hamilton to cary a Des-
patch to the Commander of a
Battery on right hand road.
but was cut off and Came
very near being taken Prisoner
However I saw my mistake in time
to save myself _ and upon arriving
at the Battery found its Commander
dead Evry Horse Killed and that
the Battery had been taken by
the secessionists _ and retaken
by our troops _ all this time
the most tremendious firing
of musketry perhapse ever witnessed
on the American Continent
was going on. I must acknowled-
-ge I never Expected to leave
that field alive _ The Rebels
fought like Tigers _ charged and
seemed determined never to fall
back. They would advance
upon our men and come
so close that they would Knock
Each others brains out with the
buts of their muskets _ Finally
our reinforcements Came up
_ and our Boys with a shout
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862, Page: 7

Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862

charged upon them _ It was
now dark and the Enemy
fled in Confusion leaving
us masters of the field.
Perhapse you have heard
noises _ Heard 4th of July Celebra-
tions etc. etc. But you never
heard anything to compare
with the cheers of Twenty-
Thousand American Sol-
-diers _ when they are left in
possession of a Hotly Contest-
-ed Battle Field.
Dear Emma
I could write a great deal more
concerning the Battle _ the groans of
the wounded &. dying etc. etc. For I was
there upon the Battle Field all night
attending to the wounded _ However
suffice it to say Our loss in killed
& wounded are nearly Seven Hundred
While the rebel loss Exceeds One
thousand besides many Prisoners.
Oh! My Own loved Emma.
during the heat of that Battle with
the dead and wounded strewn
around me. While shots were flying
and shells bursting You My Loved Girl
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862, Page: 8

Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862

p 8th
was thought of. Yes dear Emma
Even there. while discharging my
duty your dear good Picture
was taken from next my heart
and kissed. Oh! Emma dear
sweet Emma. I am willing to
prove my deep affection for
you in any way. You may
name although years may pass
before we meet again rest assured
you will still remain as dear. Yes,
dear than when we parted at
your Mothers gate that Sundy
night. Oh! Dear One you
are so good true, and sincere
I can hardly see how any one
can help loving you but alth-
-ough the whole world should treat
you with contempt. Your Own
Mark will remain true to you.
Yes forever. When we meet dear
Emma _ and I can press you to
my heart _ and Kiss your dear
lips then darling Girl I can Express
all.Yet should the “Fortunes of War”
spare me. and your dear life
be spared until then we will be
Joined to part no more. and dear
dear Emma. When I can Kiss
you and Call you my Own
Happy Bride. Oh! then. I shall be
happy indeed. Wait patiently my “promised
Bride.” The day will come when Peace &
Prosperity will again reign throughout the length
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862, Page: 9

Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862

Page 9th

, and breadth of our Once happy
Land. When our noble Flag will
float in Peace over every inch
of Teritory. over every Fort Arsenall
and Publick Building originally
belonging to the United States.
May God speed the day _ that
I Even I may return to her I love
so dearly, and Consider myself
worthy of her. How is your Mothers
health? Write to Me often dear Emma
Do. not wait always for me _ For some
times Circumstances are such
that I cannot write when I wish
to.
What is Goodwin Gandy’s &. Cos
Clerks name _ Perhaps I am
aquainted with him.
Please excuse
writing. my Desk is a tin Plate
in my lap _ Not very substantial
Ha, ha! ha!
Give my Respects to [illegible in original]
, and the W. Girls if you think proper
Write to One who Loves you dearer
than his life. Dearer than the whole
world.
Give my Love to your Mother
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862, Page: 10

Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862
Mark Flower Letter: September 24 1862

You have my whole Love
Some of your questions
are unanswered but dear I
have got to go on duty so
Good Bye.
Boys send Respects
Charlie Goodman’s Horse while
in the thickest of the fight was
shot &. Killed under him. Frank
&. Charlie were both Cool &. Brave
Write Soon to your
Lover. To Your
Own Mark
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